The holy city of Mashhad is the capital of Khorasan Razavi province and is in the northeast of the country. Its geographical coordinates are 59, 27`, 0” E to 59, 40`, 30” E and from 36, 22`, 0” N.
Population of Mashhad and Its Distribution :
According to the results of the census in 2006, the population of Mashhad is 2,427,000 . About 43.3 % of the population of Khorasan Razavi province and 3.44% of population of Iran.
The population density in different districts of Mashhad 119 persons per hectare.
Distribution of population in the different parts of the city is not equal (the same ) and population density in District 3 and District 4 ( in the northeast of Mashhad ) is over 170 persons per hectare.
According to the information of the " House and Population Census Office", in 2006, the population of Mashhad in the last three year were : 2,444,016 (2007), 2,488,18 (2008) and 2,535,300 ( 2009). The citizens of Mashhad tend to live ( settle) in the west part of the city.
The Important Population Indicators In The Recent Decade:
From 1996 to 2006, the population of Mashhad has increased by a rate of 2,54% . The growth rate was 1,82% from 2006 to 2008.
Age structure :
The percentage of the population of under 15 years old, has decreased in Mashhad . The reason is decrease of birth rate and also decrease of mortality rate of babies. The elderly population has increased in the last three decades. The percentage of elderly group ( over 65 ) in Mashhad has increased ( 1986-2006) , from 10% to 2.9%, which indicate high decrease of mortality and increase of life expectancy.
This indicator can indicate the age structure which the higher it is, the older age structure is. As the following table shows, this indicator has increased from 1996 to 2006. It also reveals that the population is getting older (getting out of youth). The rise of this indicator reveals the increase of the active population.
One of the important issues in Mashhad is Gender Ratio which is 101.7 . This ratio is not very different from a gender ratio in the province. Significantly, this ratio is less than 100 in the western part of Mashhad. Although, the gender ratio has increased in Iran and Khorasan Razavi province in 2006, it has decreased in Mashhad.
The Age Pyramid of Mashhad is triangular which indicates that the population is young. Its base is wide in which there are 3 first and active age groups . The head of the pyramid is narrow which reveals the low percentage of elderly population in 1986.
In 2006, the percentages indicate that the inactive population under 15, is decreasing rapidly and the population structure is gradually getting older. It means that the elderly population is increasing.
Birth Rate and Mortality Rate In Mashhad:
In Mashhad, there are 49 persons per each birth, and there are 180 persons per each death. For Iran, they are 54 and 169 respectively. The gender ratio in Mashhad is 103.5, whereas the gender ratio of mortality in 2008 was 150.